One of the largest branches of mathematics is algebra. All important formulas and mathematical problems are all expressed through algebra or algebra. Well, we may wonder how the word algebra came to be. We will discuss this topic today. How the word algebra. Where does it originate from? **বাংলায় পড়ুন**

## Khwarizmi discovered algebra

In Western history, the Middle Ages have been called the Dark Ages. It is said that at that time the practice of science in the western regions was zero. But at that time this dark age was applicable only to Europe. This is because the practice of science continued in the Asian continent, in countries like the Indian subcontinent, China and Saudi Arabia. At that time great astronomers and mathematicians have contributed to various branches of science including mathematics and astronomy in Arab civilization. Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi was one of the leading mathematicians of that time. He was a famous mathematician of Persia. This mathematician was born in 780 AD and died in 850 AD. At that time in the Middle Ages, with the help of the Abbasid Caliph Al Mamun, the practice of science was increasing among the Muslims. At that time Khwarizmi was the librarian of the library of Al Mamun. From there, his math practice started.

He has made outstanding contributions to modern mathematics. He discovered all the necessary information to open a new branch in mathematics. For his extraordinary appeal, the historian of science, George Sarten, called him the greatest mathematician of all time. Modern mathematics will never forget the contribution of Ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi.

Photo: Collected from Internet

## The father of algebra

Muhammad ibn Musa al-Khwarizmi contributed greatly to the spread of this method when Indian mathematicians introduced the decimal calculation. He was the first to introduce the concept of algebra. That is why Khwarizmi is called the father of science. In 830 he published a book on algebra in Arabic. The name of this book was ‘Al Kitab Al Mukhtasar Fi Hisab Al Jabar Wal Muqabila’. This book is considered to be the foundation of Algebra.

The book was translated into Latin by various European mathematicians in the late 1950’s. And at that time this book was known as ‘Al-Jabar’ for short. And after the name of this book this branch was later named Algebra. Which means algebra. Mathematics gets a new branch for the welfare of Khwarizmi.

Photo: Collected from Internet

## Algebra and Algorithms

The name Algorithm, used in various branches of computer and science, comes from this name. The word algorithm is derived from the Arabic al-Khwarizmi Latin pronunciation. In addition to algebra, Khwarizmi has given in his book all the detailed information about the method of determining the area and volume of triangles, quadrilateral circles and pyramids.

So no matter how much time improves, modern mathematics will never forget this contribution of Khwarizmi. As long as the world exists, everyone will remember the name of Khwarizmi.