The world was terrified by the effects of the corona virus. As soon as that coronavirus went away, the monkey pox virus created a stir all over the world. The disease has already been identified in 92 out of 12 countries in the world. Will this contagious disease become a cause of fear again? Will it also take the shape of an epidemic? We will discuss the details in this post. বাংলায় পড়ুন
What is Monkey Pox?
The disease is caused by a virus called monkey pox. The virus was first discovered in monkeys in 1958 in a Danish laboratory. The virus was first detected in humans in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1980. One of the two types is West African and the other is Central African. In this case, the Central African (10.6%) type of infected person has a relatively higher risk of death than the West African (3.6%) type.
Patients with this virus have not been commonly seen before. Recently, 92 cases have been identified in 12 countries, as a result of which public health experts have started thinking anew. The cases have been identified in Australia, Belgium, Canada, Portugal, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, France, Spain, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and the United States, all of which are of West African type.
The symptoms of monkey pox are much like those of smallpox or smallpox. The relief, however, is that it is relatively less contagious and less serious than smallpox. The patient recovers from this disease within 2 to 4 weeks. In addition, the death rate is low.
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Symptoms of Monkey Pox
The first symptoms of monkey pox usually appear within 7 to 13 days, in some cases within 5 to 21 days. It causes fever with chills, headache, muscle aches, back pain, fatigue and weakness. However, the main difference from smallpox is that it causes swollen lymph nodes (some glands in the throat, bogle and groin).
The rash usually appears within 1 to 3 days after the first symptoms appear, first spreading to the face and then to other parts of the body. The rash around the genitals and anus has been the most recent outbreak of this virus. These rashes later turn into blisters and cause severe itching and pain.
When the symptoms of monkey pox appear, the infected person becomes infected, meaning that the disease can spread to others. The disease usually lasts for 2 to 4 weeks and the patient recovers on his own. The symptoms of this disease are usually mild, but in some cases the disease can be severe for children, pregnant women or those with low immunity. At present the mortality rate of this disease is 3-6%.
In some cases, this disease causes some complications in the body. For example, infections can spread to different parts of the body (lungs, brain and eyes). If the infection spreads to the cornea of the eye, the patient may also lose sight.
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How Monkey Pox Spreads
Usually monkey pox does not spread very easily from one person to another. But if the infected animal or person comes in direct contact or comes in contact with wounds or blisters in the body, the disease can spread to a healthy body. Sexual intercourse with an infected person is the main cause of the spread of the disease. This virus can also be spread by sneezing, coughing, spitting or prolonged face-to-face contact with an infected person. It can also be spread by contact with an infected person’s used items (such as clothing, bedding, towels, etc.).
Anyone with a rash and fever, fatigue or abnormal weakness should seek medical attention. And this virus should be tested according to the doctor’s advice. The PCR test is by far the most reliable test for detecting monkey pox. In this case samples are collected from the skin wound site. The disease can also be diagnosed through biopsy. Individuals suspected or completely infected with the virus must be isolated until the rash has subsided and refrain from all physical contact. To reduce the effects of monkey pox, you need to follow the doctor’s advice. In addition, caregivers of the affected person must adopt self-defense techniques as much as possible.
There is no specific treatment for monkey pox. Therefore, the doctor prescribes medicine to reduce the symptoms of the disease. Studies have shown that smallpox vaccine is about 75% effective in preventing this disease. In addition, antivirals and immunoglobulins are being used in many countries. Although no reliable information has been found about its effectiveness.
What Do to Prevent Monkey Pox:
- The following steps need to be taken to reduce the risk of becoming infected with this virus.
- Talking too close to a person with symptoms of monkey poxx and avoiding physical contact.
- If someone in the family is infected, keep them in a separate room and use a mask for everyone in the family.
- Avoid sexual intercourse as much as possible, use condoms for special needs.
- Avoid contact with any substance used by a person infected with monkey pox.
- Since it is spread by inhalation, use a surgical mask.
- Regular hand washing with soap or alcohol hand sanitizer.
- Cook the meat well during cooking.
- Stay away from contact with any sick, dead or wild animal.
- The spread of any monkey pox in Bangladesh so far is not so prevalent. So having the right idea about the disease in time is the best way to prevent monnkey pox.
What are we Monkey Pox in our discussion today? Talked about the horrors of Monkey Pox. You can also find out all the educational information from our website if you want